MP Materials is het enige US bedrijf in staat het Chinese monopolie te doorbreken.
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/rare- ... 75TkpwbYVY
Contracten hebben ze al.
https://www.prnewswire.com/news-release ... 45761.html
MP Materials can produce refined neodymium-praseodymium, a rare earth material used in magnets that help power electric vehicles, wind turbines, robotics, drones and defense systems.
https://federalnewsnetwork.com/governme ... ublic/amp/
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Mss maak ik ook best een nieuw bericht.
Pentagon resumes rare earths funding program after review
Author of the article:Reuters
Publishing date:Jul 21, 2020 • Last Updated 16 hours ago •
The U.S. Department of Defense has resumed funding for two projects to process rare earth minerals for military weapons after a review found the grants are in the best interest of the U.S. government, according to documents seen by Reuters.
The Pentagon on April 22 awarded Australia’s Lynas Corp and privately held MP Materials funding for rare earths separation facilities in Texas and California, respectively. Those decisions were put on hold on April 29, the Pentagon said, pending “further research.”
Pentagon resumes rare earths funding program after review
Reuters reported in late April that a Chinese company’s minority stake in MP Materials, which owns the only U.S. rare earths mine and is majority-controlled by a Chicago hedge fund, had prompted concerns from U.S. government scientists.
Several U.S. senators have pushed the Pentagon to fund only domestic rare earth projects.
After a legal and program review was completed by a third party, the Pentagon determined the award process was followed fairly and decided to resume funding for Lynas and MP, according to the documents, which were dated July 10.
Officials at the Pentagon did not respond to requests for comment, nor did MP Materials. Lynas declined to comment.
The amount awarded to both companies was not published by the U.S. government, though the funds were allocated for planning work for the construction of processing facilities.
Lynas has said it does not require U.S. government funds to move forward on its Texas project with privately held Blue Line Corp.
Reuters has reported the Pentagon is also reviewing applications for other rare earth-related funding projects. Applicants have said they expect decisions in the coming months.
Separately, Nevada-based MP said last week it would go public later this year in a $1.47 billion deal by merging with a private-equity-backed blank-check company. (Reporting by Ernest Scheyder; Additional reporting by Melanie Burton; Editing by Leslie Adler)
https://financialpost.com/pmn/business- ... ter-review
Last week I co-led a $200M PIPE into FVAC. My first big bet on climate change.
This will allow FVAC to scale the largest rare earth metals mine outside of China - based in California.
Because it was $200M, I decided to write a 1-pager which you can find below...
By Nicholas Jasinski and Al Root
July 20, 2020 4:17 pm ET
An ore crushing station at the Mountain Pass mine, operated by MP Materials, in Mountain Pass, Calif.
An ore crushing station at the Mountain Pass mine, operated by MP Materials, in Mountain Pass, Calif.JOE BUGLEWICZ/BLOOMBERG
Electric-vehicle fever, U.S.-China geopolitics, commodity cycles, and special-purpose acquisition companies. A coming merger—that of Fortress Value Acquisition Corp. and MP Materials, an owner and operator of North America’s largest rare-earths mineral mine—will produce a stock that investors can use to play all of those forces.
Fortress Value (ticker: FVAC) is a special purpose acquisition company, or SPAC, backed by private-equity firm Fortress Investment Group. It announced an agreement last week to combine with privately held MP, valuing the miner at about $1 billion before proceeds. The deal will provide MP with the $345 million in the SPAC’s trust, in addition to $200 million from a private investment in public equity, or PIPE, from investors including Social Capital-founder Chamath Palihapitiya and Leon Cooperman’s Omega Advisors. After expenses, the cash will largely go to MP’s balance sheet to be invested in its next stage of growth.
This is a group of sophisticated investors putting real money into MP Materials, which will effectively go public through the transaction.
MP, which refers to the Mountain Pass mine in California, doesn’t produce just any old commodity. Rare-earth metals are 17 obscure elements at the bottom of the periodic table that show up in a variety of industrial, military, and technology applications. Rare earths include elements with strange names such as cerium, praseodymium, and neodymium, as well as superconductor component yttrium.
From time to time, rare earths come up in trade and economic-security arguments, because China dominates the market, producing about 60% of the global total. That is a large share, but rare earths are, well, rare. That 60% amounts to about 132,000 tons, a relatively insignificant quantity in the context of the global economy. The world’s production of copper—not even the metal in widest use—is about 20 million tons annually. The rarity makes them a factor in geopolitical calculations. U.S. officials have more than once referred to China’s heft in the rare-earths supply chain as a strategic threat.
The Mountain Pass site’s recent history involves now-defunct Molycorp, which began investing hundreds of millions of dollars in the mine around 2010. The timing was fortuitous for the fledgling company: Rare-earth metal pricing spiked in 2011 after China restricted exports. But trade restrictions eventually eased, prices fell, and Molycorp ended up filing for bankruptcy in 2015.
MP Materials was founded by part of the creditor group in the Molycorp bankruptcy restructuring. New owners can often acquire capital assets at a discount after the original operator goes bankrupt. That is what happened to satellite communications operator Iridium (IRDM). Also, Tesla (TSLA) bought its U.S. plant in Fremont, Calif., at a discount from General Motors (GM) during the financial crisis.
The growth of Tesla and other EV pioneers are also part of the MP story, but for a different, more important reason. Tesla is now the world’s most valuable car company, dwarfing century-old car makers such as GM, Ford Motor (F), and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCAU). It has convinced investors that electric vehicles are the future. Nikola (NKLA), Fisker (SPAQ), and Hyliion (SHLL) have jumped on the trend, and are developing electric and hybrid cars and trucks. Each has merged or is planning to merge with a SPAC to go public.
James Litinsky is MP Materials’ chairman, and will also become CEO once the transaction closes later this year. He likens MP’s relationship with the EV developers as the entrepreneurs selling pickaxes and shovels to miners in the California gold rush of the mid 19th century. All EVs need electric motors, which need rare-earth elements for the magnets that make them work.
Regardless of which EV company or battery technology wins out, we believe that rare-earth magnets are the best way to play electrification,” Litinsky says.
It might be, but MP doesn’t benefit directly from EV penetration any more than Alcoa (AA) benefits from the increasing use of aluminum in car bodies. But both companies indirectly benefit as the overall demand for the underlying commodities grows.
Growth is important for pricing and volumes and stock market success, but a miner and chemical processor are still in the commodity business. That means supply-demand dynamics are key. Being a low-cost producer is the best sustainable advantage. MP believes it has that moat, by virtue of having high ore grades, which require less work to get the same amount of metal. A 10% ore grade, for instance, requires 10 tons of material to be moved and processed to get a ton of salable product. A 5% ore grade means a miner is digging up and processing 20 tons of material for the same sales. More processing means more cost.
MP says its ore grade is about 8%. Lynas (LYC.Australia), an Australian rare-earth miner worth roughly $1 billion, says its ore grade at a key project is about 8% as well.
Ore grade is one part of the value equation, along with product mix. Right now, MP sends a concentrated ore to China for final processing. Management’s plan is to take the new capital from the SPAC merger and produce a finished product in the U.S. That would mean higher sales and margins than currently realized.
Business isn’t bad now, and it is cash-flow positive—not something that can be said about many of the newly public EV ventures. MP reported $10 million in adjusted Ebitda, short for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and taxes, during the first quarter. The company’s financial projections estimate $250 million in Ebitda by 2023, after the new processing plant is completed. Materials companies in the S&P 500 typically trade for about 10 to 11 times estimated next year’s Ebitda.
The deal with Fortress Value includes an earn-out for the sponsor shares in the SPAC, meaning that the postmerger stock price needs to rise to certain levels before sponsors can benefit. Half of Fortress Value’s 8.6 million postmerger shares—about 23% of the total—will now vest at $12, a quarter at $14, and a quarter at $16. That will reduce dilution for other shareholders, and underlines the fact that Fortress Value believes in the long-term potential of MP Materials, or else it wouldn’t have agreed to the earn-out.
A common fault for many SPACs is that sponsors can have more incentive to get any deal done than getting a good deal done. Fortress Value’s tweak to its sponsor shares is designed to address that criticism directly, and is a good sign for investors.
When people talk with SPACs, the promote tends to be the elephant in the room,” says Andrew McKnight, CEO of Fortress Value and a managing partner at Fortress. “We wanted to get rid of that, and show that we really do believe in this asset.”
MP Materials’ current owners are also rolling over their entire stakes into the combined company rather than using it as a chance to cash out, another promising signal for investors.
Fortress Value stock spiked 10% on Wednesday after the deal announcement, but fell back slightly on Thursday and closed on Friday at $10.93. Shares rose 3.6% to $11.32 on Monday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average inched up less than 0.1% and the S&P 500 gained 0.8%.
FVAC and MP Materials will merge and bring MP Materials, an owner of a rare earths, mine public.
Mountain Pass produces NdPr and prices for NdPr are expected to rise in the future.
This is a unique way to get exposure to the EV revolution as permanent magnets that are made with NdPr are used by all electric vehicle manufacturers.
Mountain Pass has the best unit economics among its peers and is a world-class asset.
Further upside potential by moving downstream to produce magnets would make the business more resilient as it would move from a volatile commodities business to a fully integrated industrials company.
MP Materials (MP), an owner of a rare earth mine, has announced a definitive agreement to merge with Fortress Value Acquisition Corp (FVAC). MP will use the cash raised from the merger to complete stage 2 and 3 of a plan to retrofit the Mountain Pass Mine and bring back the rare earth metal supply chain to the United States. Purchasing shares in this company would be a unique way to get exposure to the Electric Vehicle (EV) revolution. There are several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) of EVs, which makes it challenging to identify which will excel in the long run. All EV powertrains, along with other defense applications, require permanent magnets that use the rare earth metals that come from Mountain Pass. Due to the increased desire for electric vehicles from consumers and due to their use in national defense applications, the demand for rare earth metals can quickly begin to exceed supply. MP Materials is in a position to be the only low-cost producer of rare earth oxides outside of China. The current share price has a 40% increase in NdPr already baked in. Due to strong tailwinds the price of NdPr can increase as much as 80% in the future. Investors who are extremely bullish on rare earth metal prices and EV vehicles should consider picking up the shares at somewhere below $10 to provide to limited downside.
https://seekingalpha.com/article/436476 ... rth-metals
Fortress Value Acquisition Corp. Announces Filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-4 in Connection with its Merger with MP Materials
August 27, 2020 08:00 AM Eastern Daylight Time
NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Fortress Value Acquisition Corp. (NYSE: FVAC) (“FVAC”), a special purpose acquisition company sponsored by an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group LLC, today announced that it has filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) a registration statement on Form S-4 (the “Registration Statement”), which includes a preliminary proxy statement/prospectus, in connection with its recently announced proposed merger with MP Materials, owner and operator of Mountain Pass, the only rare earth mining and processing site of scale in North America. The combined company will supply materials essential to electric vehicles, wind turbines, defense systems and many other advanced technologies.
FVAC’s common stock is currently traded on the NYSE under the symbol “FVAC”. Upon completion of the transaction, the combined company will be named MP Materials Corp. and will remain NYSE‐listed under the new ticker symbol "MP". The transaction, which was announced on July 15, 2020, has been approved by the FVAC Board of Directors and remains subject to shareholder approval, the Registration Statement being declared effective by the SEC, and other customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2020.
A link to the filing is available under the “SEC Filings” section of the FVAC website at https://www.fortressvalueac.com/. The filing can also be viewed on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.
About MP Materials
MP Materials is the owner and operator of the Mountain Pass Rare Earth Mining and Processing facility, the only integrated site of its kind in the Western Hemisphere. With over 250 employees, MP Materials produces approximately 15% of global rare earth materials, essential for the development of technologies such as defense systems, smartphones, drones, and electric vehicles. It operates a green mining and processing facility and is currently one of the lowest‐cost producers of rare earth concentrate. MP plays a leadership role in advocating for a more robust and competitive rare earths industry in the U.S. More information is available at https://mpmaterials.com/.
About Fortress Value Acquisition Corp.
Fortress Value Acquisition Corp. is a special purpose acquisition company formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses.